Existing or incipient psychological conditions (e.g. The benefits from exercise for the mind include higher levels of  endorphins, which elevate the body to a state of euphoria, and mastery, which promotes self-esteem and improved mood. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an assessment of how an individual’s well-being may affect, or be affected by, a disease, disability, or disorder. Grade 1: Health: Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health. In the action stage, people have changed their behavior and need to work hard to keep moving ahead. Part of health psychology is understanding how psychological factors (such as attitudes, beliefs, thoughts, moods, and emotions) and overall quality of life impact a person’s health. Describe the psychological and physical effects of substance abuse. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. National Pre-K–2nd Grade Health Performance Standards Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. The number of calories a person requires per day varies based on an individual’s age, sex, height, and physical activity. 1.2.5        Describe why it is important to seek health care. Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. 1.2.3 Describe ways to prevent communicable diseases. In this way, relapse is conceptualized as a return from the action or maintenance stage to an earlier stage. Both can result in disease and disorders within the body and mind. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Nutrition.pdf, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Human_Nutrition/Lipid_intake, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Human_Nutrition/Overweight_and_obesity, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Human_Nutrition/Defining_Nutrition, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Human_Nutrition, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_nutrition, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/MyPyramidFood.svg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_exercise, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Metabolomics/Applications/Nutrition/Lifestyle/Exercise, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Physical_Activity/Aerobic_Exercise, http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/BIO101A-1.3.1-HumanHomeostasis.pdf, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Living_With_Depression/Exercise, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Running_Man_Kyle_Cassidy.jpg, https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/ps/access/NNBBHS.pdf, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abuse%23Substance_abuse, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substance_abuse, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Psychiatric_Disorders/Substance_abuse_disorders, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/barbiturate, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/benzodiazepine, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/06/Spectrum_Diagram.PNG, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Rational_scale_to_assess_the_harm_of_drugs_(mean_physical_harm_and_mean_dependence).svg, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/quality_of_life, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learned_helplessness, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attitude_(psychology), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_psychology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality_of_life, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mood_(psychology), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positive_psychology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality_of_life_(healthcare), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty%23Health, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pessimistic%20explanatory%20style, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learned%20helplessness, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explanatory_style, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Drama-icon.svg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Camden_NJ_poverty.jpg, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Concept_Of_Stress, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Psychology/Health_Psychology, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fringe_Psychology%23Health_Psychology, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/SL_Psychology/Genetic_interplay%23Stress_and_the_Brain, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transtheoretical_model, http://www.boundless.com//psychology/definition/transtheoretical-model, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stages-of-change.png. Exercise has many benefits for the body and mind: protecting against injury, improving cardiovascular function, honing athletic skills, managing weight, boosting the immune system, counteracting depression, and elevating mood. Human Nutrition and Health. Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. Learned helplessness is associated with depression and anxiety, both of which threaten a person’s physical and mental well-being; it can also contribute to poor health when people neglect diet, exercise, and medical treatment, falsely believing they have no power to change. Related to this, research has shown that people with a pessimistic explanatory style are more likely to suffer from depression and stress, have weakened immune systems, be more vulnerable to minor ailments (like a cold or fever) and major illnesses (such as heart attacks or cancer), and have a less effective recovery from health problems. Anaerobic exercise improves muscle strength through weight training. Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. Patient questionnaires assessing quality of life are often multidimensional and cover physical, social, emotional, cognitive, work- or role-related, and possibly spiritual aspects, and even the financial impact of medical conditions. Poverty and health: Those living in poverty lack access to basic resources such as healthcare, food, and housing, and suffer disproportionately from malnutrition, disease, lower life expectancy, and disability. Along with healthy body weight, exercise has other physical health benefits. The benefits of trace minerals range from bone and tooth formation to acid-base balance. 4. Short term effects can manifest in the form of drowsiness and changes in breathing (slow breathing or hyperventilation), abdominal cramping, diarrhea, irregular heart rate, and even strokes. They work in conjunction with neurotransmitters to induce relief, happiness, or even euphoria when the body is in pain or overexerted. Standard 7: Practicing Health-Enhancing Behaviors Performance Indicator 7.2.1: Demonstrate healthy practices and behaviors that maintain or improve personal health. National Health Education Standard 1 & 7-Preformance indicators: 1.2.1 Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. New York State PreK-K Health Education Learning Standards: 1.2.1. Created by Prochaska and DiClemente in the 1970s, the transtheoretical model (also called the stages-of-change model) proposes that change is not a discrete decision, but is instead a five-step process that consists of. Consequently, one of the best things a person can do to promote overall health and wellness is to maintain adequate nutrition. This phenomenon is due not only to the chemicals involved, but also results from the positive body-image and feeling of competence that come with accomplishing a fitness goal. Their main concern is this: When they act, will they fail? Moods also have important implications for mental and physical health. The kind of attitude we hold about a particular person, event, or idea influences how we behave in relation to it, and, thus, our experience of stress in relation to it. They are also more likely to embrace and build upon positive circumstances and situations, as these are expected to continue. Along with its need for energy from macronutrients, the body requires a variety of micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, to support tissue growth, enzyme structure, and cellular functions. Optimism is a world view that interprets situations and events as being optimal, or favorable. Although causality cannot always be determined, poor quality of life is often correlated with poor health. increase aerobic and muscular conditioning, agility, and coordination. Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. In some cases hallucinogens like mescaline and peyote have triggered psychotic behaviors that last for years after use. 9-12 . 1.2.3 Describe ways to prevent communicable diseases. People at the preparation stage are ready to start taking action, and take small steps that they believe can help them make the healthy behavior a part of their lives. While malnutrition refers to physical impairments resulting from a poor diet, the underlying nutritional deficiencies can have significant impact on mental well-being (including perception and judgment), and often exacerbate existing psychological disorders. Common Core Standards: Kindergarten-Second Grade Speaking and Listening: Comprehension and Collaboration CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.K.1 Proteins are made up of chains of amino acids connected by peptide bonds; they form hormones, enzymes, and antibodies within the human body. Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. These molecules are broken down into essential amino acids and fatty acids and used as fuel for cellular functions. Exercise also serves as stress relief, which has both physiological and psychological benefits. Food is fuel for the body. 1.1.1 Tell how healthy behaviors impact personal The USDA food pyramid: The USDA Food Pyramid demonstrates the variety and quantity of food needed to promote proper body function and prevent disease. Research shows that exercise reduces cortisol levels, a hormone that is released when the body is stressed and has been shown to have negative health consequences (including heart disease and depression) when chronically elevated. It increases cardiovascular functioning, which reduces the risk for certain diseases like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. The psychoactive effects of drug abuse occur when the drugs impact the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain that control normal mental and physical functioning. Exercise is bodily activity that can have positive effects on both physical and mental well-being. Attitudes are changeable, they can be formed from a person’s past and present, and they can influence a person’s behavior and well-being. Examine the impacts of different attitudes and explanatory styles on health. Perceived quality of life is highly subjective, and patients’ and physicians’ rating of the same objective situation have been found to differ significantly. The transtheoretical model of behavior change, based on five stages of change, assesses a person’s readiness to stop an old, unhealthy behavior and act on a new, healthy behavior. 1.2.4. Micronutrients include dietary vitamins and minerals which are necessary to sustain health. * The performance indicators articulate specifically what students should know or be able to do in support of each standard by the conclusion of each of the following grade spans: Pre-K–Grade 2; Grade 3–Grade 5; Grade 6–Grade 8; and Grade 9–Grade 12. In the long term, users may suffer from dental and gum deterioration, sleep disorders, a variety of respiratory problems, and damage to the brain, kidneys, and liver. 1.12.4       Analyze how genetics and family history can impact personal health. Exercise can also positively affect bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility. “Quality of life” refers to the general well-being of individuals and societies, including not only wealth and employment (which are often referred to as “standard of living”), but also the built environment, physical and mental health, education, recreation and leisure time, and social belonging. Although it is often vilified, fat serves a vital function in the body, serving as stored energy, protecting organs, and helping to regulate body temperature. Furthermore, optimists have been shown to live healthier lifestyles (i.e., smoking less, being more physically active, consuming healthier foods, and consuming more moderate amounts of alcohol) and utilize more positive coping mechanisms, both of which may lower the risk of disease. There are Another array of secondary (physical) effects manifests if the user stops taking regular doses of the substance. 1.2.5 Describe why it is important to seek health care. State of Missouri Health/Physical Education Standards 2 & 4. 1.2.4: List ways to prevent common childhood injuries. People in this stage learn more about healthy behavior: they are encouraged to think about the benefits of changing their behavior and to feel emotions about the effects of their negative behavior on others. K-2.1.1 Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. Introduction to Psychology/Health Psychology. Performance Indicator 1.2.3: Describe ways to prevent communicable diseases. 3-5 : 1.2.1. Often people relapse in their behavior multiple times before finally achieving maintenance. Quality of life is recognized as an increasingly important healthcare topic. The body gets energy from macronutrients—the fats, carbohydrates, and proteins in the food we eat. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Human nutrition and health are inextricably linked because proper nutrition maintains overall health and well-being. Explain the stages of the transtheoretical model of behavior change. Created by Prochaska and DiClemente in the 1970s, the model proposes that change is a process rather than a discrete decision. At this stage, participants are intending to start the healthy behavior, often within the next six months. Health Standard 7: Demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks. 1.8.8        Examine the likelihood of injury or illness if engaging in unhealthy behaviors. The stages-of-change model has been widely utilized in the treatment of health-related behaviors such as substance use, obesity, diabetes, and other problem behaviors. Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. 1.8.7        Describe the benefits of and barriers to practicing healthy behaviors. Rationale: Health is affected by a variety of positive and negative influences within society. Health is negatively impacted by many aspects of quality of life, such as poverty, poor nutrition, lack of access to education, lack of leisure time, increased stress, and social isolation. This is often called “withdrawal” and can result in uncontrollable shaking and convulsions, extreme physical pain, and even dehydration, since users in this state may be unable to consume food and water. Identify that healthy behaviors affect personal health. 1.2.1: Identify that healthy behaviors impact personal health. Body and Mind Classroom Resources for Teachers, Unit 7: Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Spectrum of substance use: Substance use falls on a spectrum ranging from beneficial, prescribed and monitored use of prescription drugs to the recreational use, abuse, or dependence on illicit drugs. From Hippocrates’ classic line “let food be your medicine, and medicine be your food,” to the popular modern warning that “you are what you eat,” humans have always understood the connection between nutrition and health. Standard 7: Practicing Health-Enhancing Behaviors Performance Indicator 7.2.1: Demonstrate healthy practices and behaviors to maintain or improve personal health. For instance, a smoker must come to the conclusion that the health risks associated with their smoking are more important to them than the benefits, which may include taste, stress relief, social aspects, or other factors. Psychological factors may impact our health directly, or they may influence our behaviors, which in turn affect our health in either positive or negative ways. In this way, they are better equipped mentally to handle setbacks in everyday life, as these are believed to be momentary. Introduce young students to the food pyramid, the food groups, and the relationship between nutrition and a healthy body. Aerobic exercise increases cardiovascular capacity through activities like running, biking, or swimming. Extended drug use can lead to tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal. 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